TENNESSEE GOVERNOR MUST OBEY TENNESSEE LAW: NO STATE INSURANCE EXCHANGE

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Interesting article from my retired Constitutional lawyer from Tennessee, Publius Huldah

According to an article posted by Lesley Swann of the Tennessee Tenth Amendment Center, the federal obamacare Act doesn’t actually require The People to submit to obamacare.[1]

Accordingly, HHS Secretary Kathleen Sibelius is demanding that The States set up State Insurance Exchanges, by means of which The States will force The People into obamacare.

While 20 States have already given notice that they will not implement obamacare by setting up the State Exchanges; Tennessee’s RINO Governor, Bill Haslam, is “undecided” as to whether he will force Tennesseans to submit to obamacare.

But Haslam has no lawful authority to force The People of Tennessee into State Exchanges. If he does it anyway, he will commit the following five (5) violations of Tennessee Law:

1. The Tennessee Health Freedom Act

The Tennessee Legislature enacted in 2011 the Tennessee Health Freedom Act, codified at Tenn. Code Ann. Sec. 56-7-1016.[2]

Under this Act, no public official, employee, or agent of Tennessee may force The People of Tennessee to purchase health insurance or impose any penalty for not purchasing such insurance.

So if Haslam attempts to force The People of Tennessee to participate in a State Insurance Exchange, he will violate the Tennessee Health Freedom Act.

2. The State Legislature makes the Laws – not the Governor

The Constitution of the State of Tennessee says at Article II:

“Section 1: The powers of the government shall be divided into three distinct departments: legislative, executive, and judicial.

Section 2: No person or persons belonging to one of these departments shall exercise any of the powers properly belonging to either of the others, except in the cases herein directed or permitted. [boldface mine]

Section 3: The legislative authority of this state shall be vested in a General Assembly, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives….”

If Haslam attempts to force Tennesseans into a State Insurance Exchange, he will violate the Separation of Powers Principle enshrined at Art. II, Sections 1 – 3.

3. The Governor’s Powers are Enumerated, Defined, and Strictly Limited.

Here is a complete list of the enumerated powers and duties of the Governor of Tennessee. Article III provides that:

Section 1: The executive power of the state is vested in a governor [See Sec. 10 below].

Section 5: The governor is commander-in-chief of the State Militia

Section 6: The governor may grant reprieves and pardons.

Section 8: The governor may require written information from officers in the executive department, about their duties.

Section 9: The governor may, on extraordinary occasions, convene the General Assembly.

Section 10: The governor shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed.

Section 11: The governor is to give the Legislature information on the state of the government, and recommend matters for their consideration.

Section 14: The governor may temporarily fill vacancies in office.

Section 15: The governor is to be keeper of the Seal of the State of Tennessee.

Section 16: The governor is to sign and seal all grants and commissions of the State.

Section 18: The governor is to sign, or veto, or allow to become law without his signature, every Bill, Joint Resolution or Order passed by the Legislature. He may reduce or disapprove sums of money appropriated for specific items.

Article VI, Section 11: When any judge of the State Supreme Court is disqualified from presiding over a case, the governor is to specially commission another person to serve as judge on that case.

Article VIII, Section 2: The governor is to appoint certain officers of the State Militia.

That’s it! That’s all the governor of the State of Tennessee has lawful authority to do. He has no lawful authority to make laws. He has no lawful authority to force Tennesseans into a Health Insurance Exchange. If Haslam attempts to do this anyway, he will usurp powers not delegated to him by the Tennessee Constitution.

4. The Governor’s Duty is to Enforce the Laws the Legislature Makes!

Note that Art. III, Sec. 10 requires the governor to “take care that the laws be faithfully executed.” As long as the laws made by the Legislature are constitutional, the governor is obligated to enforce them! This means that Haslam must refuse to implement the State Exchange. If he doesn’t refuse to implement the State Exchange, he will be guilty of dereliction of his Constitutional Duty.

5. The Governor is Required by his Oath to Obey the Tennessee Constitution

Article X, Section 1, of the Tennessee Constitution requires the governor to take an Oath to support the Tennessee Constitution.

If he takes his orders from Kathleen Sibelius instead of from the Tennessee Constitution and the Tennessee Legislature, he will violate his Oath to support the State Constitution.

Article X, Sec. 1 of the Tennessee Constitution, and Art. VI, clause 3 of the federal Constitution, also require Haslam to support the federal Constitution. Obamacare is altogether unconstitutional as outside the scope of the legislative powers delegated to Congress. This is plain and clearly proven.[3] Thus, Haslam is required by Oath to refuse to enforce obamacare because obamacare is unconstitutional.

If Haslam Violates the State Constitution and State Law, he must be Impeached and Removed.

Article V, Sec. 4 of the Tennessee Constitution provides that the governor shall be liable to impeachment whenever, in the opinion of the Tennessee House of Representatives, he commits any crime in his official capacity which requires disqualification.

Webster’s 1828 Dictionary (1828 definition) defines “Crime” as

“1. An act which violates a law, divine or human; an act which violates a rule of moral duty; an offense against the laws of right, prescribed by God or man, or against any rule of duty plainly implied in those laws. A crime may consist in omission or neglect, as well as in commission, or positive transgression…”

Any governor who ignores the State Constitution, ignores State law, violates his Oath of Office, and usurps power must be removed from office.[4]

Footnotes:

1. I haven’t read the obamacare Act. It is over 2000 pages long, and is being implemented right now by thousands of more pages of HHS & IRS Rules. Our Framers warned us of laws which were “… so voluminous that they cannot be read, or so incoherent that they cannot be understood; if they be repealed or revised before they are promulgated, or undergo such incessant changes that no man, who knows what the law is to-day, can guess what it will be to-morrow…”(Federalist Paper No. 62, 4th para from end)
2. The hyperlinks at lexus nexus don’t work. To find the text of the Tennessee Health Freedom Act, click here then type in the search term, “Tennessee Health Freedom Act,” jump thru the hoops, and you will find the Act. It is short and worth reading.
3. See, e.g. these model Nullification Resolutions for obamacare.
4. Impeachment and removal from office for usurpations of power is expressly authorized by our federal Constitution: See, as to removing a President who usurps power: Federalist Paper No. 66, 2nd para, and No. 77, last para. As to removing federal judges who usurp power, see Federalist Paper No. 81, 8th para.

News With Views

Why Tennessee needs its own health insurance exchange or Does it

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Healthcare policy experts have estimated that former senator Dr. Bill Frist’s company HCA stands to make $2 billion if an Obamacare Exchange is established in Tennessee.

Is it any wonder he is pushing Gov. Haslam and our legislators to implement a health care exchange in Tennessee?  I thought we voted in the Tennessee Healthcare Freedom Act so the state AG would defend anyone not buying the mandated healthcare plan? Now we are about to set up an exchange?

What’s that giant sucking sound? It’s the sound of employers leaving Tennessee if Gov. Haslam implements the Obamacare exchanges.

Contact Gov. Haslam and your legislators now!

(615) 741-2001
bill.haslam@tn.gov

Find your legislator – http://www.capitol.tn.gov/legislators/

Thousands of Tennesseans are weighing in on the issue. Gov. Bill Haslam’s staff said they have received some 4,000 emails and 2,000 phone calls about insurance exchanges.

While staff didn’t break down the email messages to pros and cons, almost all of the phone calls were urging the governor to say “no Obamacare in Tennessee” — a decision that is out of the state’s hands — or ditch the exchange and let the federal government handle it.

Of the rest, about 75 said they were in favor of a state exchange. Another 32 spoke out against the state running it, but changed their stance after the choices were explained, according to the governor’s constituent services staff.

Here is his article published on Sunday in the Commerical Appeal. Biased much?

By Dr. Manoj Jain and Dr. William H. Frist

Nashville: The ball is in our court.

By “our court” we mean the State of Tennessee, and the ball is the Affordable Care Act, aka Obamacare, which has been volleyed at the federal level between Congress, the Supreme Court and the presidential election.

Now Gov. Bill Haslam and the General Assembly will decide on two critical questions that will shape health care for our state.

First, should Tennessee develop its own insurance exchange, and second, should Tennessee expand the Medicaid program with federal funding.

This week, we will address the question of exchanges.

A ‘one-stop’ shop

A few days ago a friend, Willy, who has a modest income and underlying heart disease called for some advice. “How do I choose which health insurance plan to get?” The answer is hard. Today, there are many products offering different health benefits with varying costs and no easy way to compare them. With Willy’s pre-existing illness, insurers may even deny him coverage.

Soon, however, insurers will be barred from turning people down due to health conditions and health insurance will become standardized through an exchange. Insurance also will become more accessible, especially for those earning less than about $90,000 (400 percent of the poverty level), who will get federal tax credits to lower the cost, while others will continue with their Medicare, employer-based or private health coverage.

An exchange is essentially a one-stop shop of health care plans which will be available online or on a toll-free call. Consumers can decide among different categories of health insurance called platinum, gold, silver and bronze, based on benefit categories. A bronze plan would cover 60 percent of the cost of the plan’s benefits on average while the platinum plan would cover 90 percent.

All plans will provide the same essential health benefits like hospitalizations and preventive and wellness services which will be defined by the state under federal guidelines. Out-of-pocket and Health Savings Account limits will vary among plans. In addition, exchanges will include a catastrophic plan for those who are younger than 30 years and are exempt from the insurance mandate.

Exchanges will serve both individuals and small businesses with 100 or fewer employees. States can lower the 100 limit to 50 in the first few years, and pretty much every state is doing that. By 2017, if Tennessee chooses, larger businesses may be allowed to purchase insurance from the small business exchange.

State exchanges will have lots of authority. Though they will not be setting the insurance rates, they can bar an insurer from an exchange for raising its rates too high. The exchanges will also determine the eligibility of an individual, such as Willie, for purchasing insurance as well as how much premium support and tax credit he will receive to help him afford insurance, paid for by the federal government, based on his income. An exchange can be an active purchaser choosing plans with good rates or a clearinghouse, allowing in all qualified plans. Tennessee will need to choose which model it wants.

The option for Tennessee is not whether to have an exchange; it must do so under the new law. The option is whether Tennessee should craft its own exchange or default to the federal exchange.

We believe it is best for Tennessee to develop its own exchange because exchanges are an innovative, market-driven strategy, which foster competition, choice, cost-savings and quality among insurers. It leaves Tennessee in charge, and not the federal government.

The state in charge

Why would a Tennessee exchange be better than the federal exchange?

Traditionally, insurance regulation has been under the authority of the states and states have much more expertise than the federal government in this field. Exchanges also represent the federalist ideal of states as “laboratories for democracy” where states can design a model that takes into account their individual cultures, politics, economies, and demographics.

Utah has a conservative, small business focused exchange. Vermont is moving toward a liberal single-payer exchange, Green Mountain Care, offering care to all its residents. Tennessee’s exchange, if we choose to have one, will likely be somewhere in between, and will merge well with our existing Medicaid plan, TennCare.

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Haslam signs ‘Tennessee health freedom’ act

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Gov. Bill Haslam has signed into law a bill that proponents say would allow Tennessee residents a choice when it comes to federal health care reform.

The “Tennessee Health Care Freedom Act” passed the General Assembly recently, and the Republican governor signed it today, according to legislative records.

Advocates and Republicans who pushed the law say it allows residents to avoid the requirement that they buy health insurance. Parties in various court cases have been battling whether the “individual mandate” is constitutional (which it is not), but Democrats say it’s necessary to bring down costs (then why has the CBO projected premiums to rise after Obamacare? CBO found that premiums in the individual market will rise by 10% to 13% more than if Congress did nothing.), and have created assistance for those who can’t afford insurance.

Tennessee Attorney General Bob Cooper, a Democrat, opined last year that an earlier version of the law would be pre-empted by federal law.(But Cooper didn’t know what he was talking about…..federal law only pre-empts State law when it is one of the Federal government’s “enumerated powers” granted to it by the States in the Constituton.)

Breaking News:Gov. Haslam Gets Tennessee Healthcare Freedom Bill to Sign

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Well it’s been a long time coming, but Tennessee finally passed it’s Tennessee Healthcare Freedom Act….nullifying the mandate to purchase Health Insurance. Now it’s up to the new Republican governor. Start contacting him now to pressure him to sign the bill. Phone: (615) 741-2001
E-Mail: bill.haslam@tn.gov

In the video below Beth Uselton demonstrates that she doesn’t know the Constitution and what the founders said about “nullification” of unconstitutonal Federal Bills passed into law.

Gov. Haslam Gets Health care Bill

Governor Bill Haslam now gets his say on a proposal that would allow Tennesseans to opt out of the federal health care law.

The Health Freedom Act passed the Tennessee state House Monday with a 70 to 27 vote, along party lines. The Senate passed the measure last month.

Sponsors say the legislation doesn’t argue for or against the federal law but just gives Tennesseans a choice. The federal health care law requires Americans either to buy health insurance or pay a penalty, beginning in 20-14.

The proposal now heads to the Governor’s desk.

News Channel 9

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Tennessee Senate Passes Health Care Freedom Act

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Now…..that’s much more like it Tennessee legislators!!

Tennessee Senate Passes Health Care Freedom Act

On Wednesday, the Tennessee Senate passed SB0079, the Tennessee Health Care Freedom Act sponsored by Sen. Mae BeaversThe bill passed with 21 Ayes, 10 Nays, and one Present Not Voting. The Tennessee Health Care Freedom Act is essentially the same bill that passed in the Senate but failed in the House during the 2010 legislative session, with a few minor revisions.

Later in the afternoon, the House companion bill, HB0115 sponsored by Rep. Terri Lynn Weaver, was recommended for passage by the General Subcommittee of the House Commerce Committee. It will be forwarded to the full House Commerce Committee.  Contact information for the House Commerce Committee members is listed below. Please begin contacting them now to express your support.

The Tennessee Health Care Freedom Act seeks to return the choice of health care and health insurance to individual Tennesseans instead of leaving decisions in the hands of the federal government.  While SB0079 does not nullify the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in its entirety, it prohibits Tennesseans from being penalized if they choose not to participate in a federal or federally-approved health care plan. The bill states:

“The power to require or regulate a person’s choice in the mode of securing health care services, or to impose a penalty related thereto, is not found in the Constitution of the United States of America, and is therefore a power reserved to the people pursuant to the Ninth Amendment, and to the several states pursuant to the Tenth Amendment. This state hereby exercises its sovereign power to declare the public policy of this state regarding the right of all persons residing in this state in choosing the mode of securing health care services.”

SB0079 goes on to declare the public policy of the state of Tennessee to be one where Tennesseans are free to choose any method of securing health care services or to refuse to do so without threat of penalty.  This is a crucial step forward in the fight to protect Tennesseans from the unconstitutional mandates imposed by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act passed by Congress last year.

The passage of the bill in the Senate is a victory, but we still need to keep up the fight to ensure that it passes through the House and is signed by the Governor.  Please begin today to contact the legislators below to express your support for HB0115.

House Commerce Committee

Rep. Steve McManus, Chair: Republican, District 96
107 WMB, (615) 741-1920, rep.steve.mcmanus@capitol.tn.gov

Rep. Jon C. Lundberg, Vice-Chair: Republican, District 1
205 WMB, (615) 741-7623, rep.jon.lundberg@capitol.tn.gov

Rep. Pat Marsh, Secretary: Republican, District 62
110 WMB, (615) 741-6824, rep.pat.marsh@capitol.tn.gov

Rep. Charles Curtiss: Democrat, District 43
34 LP, (615) 741-1963, rep.charles.curtiss@capitol.tn.gov

Rep. Linda Elam: Republican, District 57
215 WMB, (615) 741-7462, rep.linda.elam@capitol.tn.gov

Rep. JoAnne Favors: Democrat, District 29
25 LP, (615) 741-2702, rep.joanne.favors@capitol.tn.gov

Rep. Brenda Gilmore: Democrat, District 54
22 LP, (615) 741-1997, rep.brenda.gilmore@capitol.tn.gov

Rep. G. A. Hardaway, Sr.: Democrat, District 92
109 WMB, (615) 741-5625, rep.ga.hardaway@capitol.tn.gov

Rep. Bill W. Harmon: Democrat, District 37
24 LP, (615) 741-6849, rep.bill.harmon@capitol.tn.gov

Rep. Ryan A. Haynes: Republican, District 14
203 WMB, (615) 741-2264, rep.ryan.haynes@capitol.tn.gov

Rep. Curtis Johnson: Republican, District 68
212 WMB, (615) 741-4341, rep.curtis.johnson@capitol.tn.gov

Rep. Phillip Johnson: Republican, District 78
104 WMB, (615) 741-7477, rep.phillip.johnson@capitol.tn.gov

Rep. Jimmy Matlock: Republican, District 21
219 WMB, (615) 741-3736, rep.jimmy.matlock@capitol.tn.gov

Rep. Don Miller: Republican, District 10
37 LP, (615) 741-6877, rep.don.miller@capitol.tn.gov

Rep. Richard Montgomery: Republican, District 12
201 WMB, (615) 741-5981, rep.richard.montgomery@capitol.tn.gov

Rep. Joe Pitts: Democrat, District 67
34 LP, (615) 741-2043, rep.joe.pitts@capitol.tn.gov

Rep. Mark Pody: Republican, District 46
202 WMB, (615) 741-7086, rep.mark.pody@capitol.tn.gov

Rep. Dennis Powers: Republican, District 36
G-4 WMB, (615) 741-3335, rep.dennis.powers@capitol.tn.gov

Rep. John D. Ragan: Republican, District 33
32 LP, (615) 741-4400, rep.john.ragan@capitol.tn.gov

Rep. Dennis E. Roach: Republican, District 35
217 WMB, (615) 741-2534, rep.dennis.roach@capitol.tn.gov

Rep. Charles Michael Sargent, Jr.: Republican, District 61
206 WMB, (615) 741-6808, rep.charles.sargent@capitol.tn.gov

Rep. Cameron Sexton: Republican, District 25
17 LP, (615) 741-2343, rep.cameron.sexton@capitol.tn.gov

Rep. David A. Shepard: Democrat, District 69
34 LP, (615) 741-3513, rep.david.shepard@capitol.tn.gov

Rep. Janis Baird Sontany: Democrat, District 53
32 LP, (615) 741-6861, rep.janis.sontany@capitol.tn.gov

Rep. Art Swann: Republican, District 8
214 WMB, (615) 741-5481, rep.art.swann@capitol.tn.gov

Rep. Curry Todd: Republican, District 95
209 WMB, (615) 741-1866, rep.curry.todd@capitol.tn.gov

Rep. Joe Towns, Jr.: Democrat, District 84
36 LP, (615) 741-2189, rep.joe.towns@capitol.tn.gov

Rep. Kent Williams: Independent, District 4
19 LP, (615) 741-7450, rep.kent.williams@capitol.tn.gov

Rep. Tim Wirgau: Republican, District 75
17 LP, (615) 741-6804, rep.tim.wirgau@capitol.tn.gov

Tennessee Tenth Amendment Center

Tennessee Health Freedom Act Returns

3 Comments

Now maybe this time they will get this bill passed and maybe we’ll also be able to some day soon elect our Attorney General and make him/her accountable to the people in the future, instead of appointing the AG by the Supreme Court of Tn.

Tennessee Health Freedom Act Returns

Senator Mae Beavers and Representative Weaver to file “Health Freedom Act” protecting patient’s right to make their own health care choices

(NASHVILLE, TN), January 13, 2010 – State Senator Mae Beavers (R-Mt. Juliet) and Representative Terri Lynn Weaver (R-Lancaster) announced today they will file legislation to protect the freedom of Tennessee patients to make their own health care choices, regardless of the federal action taken in Washington last year. The bill is similar to legislation Beavers passed in the Senate last year. That legislation, however, was not approved in the House of Representatives.

“The health care law passed by Congress last year is ‘big brother’ at his worst,” said Senator Beavers. “The citizens of Tennessee believe they should be able to choose whether or not they want to participate in a federal health care plan. That is what this bill seeks to accomplish.”

The Tennessee Health Freedom Act, does not seek to “nullify” any federal law, as it would still allow individuals the option to participate in a federal program. However, it acknowledges the right of Tennesseans to refuse to participate in a government-run health insurance program.

“The Tennessee Health Freedom Act, would protect a citizen’s right to participate, or not participate, in any healthcare system, and would prohibit the federal government from imposing fines or penalties on that person’s decision,” said Rep. Weaver. “It seeks a remedy to fight back against the overreach of federal power on the private lives of our citizens.”

Financial experts predict that the federal healthcare plan will consume any anticipated growth in Tennessee’s revenues once the economy recovers, crippling the state’s ability to make future improvements in critical needs like education, job investment and public safety. The federal health care law will also penalize citizens beginning in 2014 if they do not buy insurance.

“We are talking about stiff penalties that will escalate to 2.5 percent of a citizen’s taxable income by 2016 if they do not purchase health care insurance,” added Beavers. “This will put a heavy burden on citizens who are already struggling to make ends meet. I am very hopeful this legislation will pass our General Assembly this session.”

Tn Report

Nine Republicans Missed House Vote on ‘Tennessee Health Freedom Act’

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Well thanks to you nine Republicans who skipped out on such an important vote. I’m in the process of trying to find out who those nine were that had something so important to do that before the end of the legislation session year they left early.

Here’s an update from Nashville Post

The long and short – no Republicans voted no (and Speaker Williams voted yes, also), two Dems voted yes (Judy Barker and Eddie Bass).

Republicans Dale Ford, Curry Todd and Donna Rowland PNVed (present but not voting), as did Dems Stratton Bone, Mike McDonald, Eddie Yokley and Kent Coleman.

Absent were Republicans Jim Coley, Vince Dean, David Hawk, Steve McManus, Dennis Roach, and Charles Sargent and Democrats Bill Harmon, Larry Miller, and John Mark Windle.

Six Republicans Missed House Vote on ‘Health Freedom Act

Via the AP, below is the 44-39 House roll call vote on the Tennessee Health Freedom Act that fell six votes short of passage late Wednesday night. Notable is that nine Republicans did not vote on the measure apparently most because they had departed before the late night session ended.

Only two Democrats, Reps. Judy Barker of Union City and Eddie Bass of Prospect, voted for the measure. Three Democrats did not vote.

Votes Wednesday as the House, on a 44-39 vote, failed to gain the minimum 50 votes needed to pass an attempted compromise bill to allow Tennesseans to opt out of the federal health care law. Voting yes were 41 Republicans, two Democrats and one independent. Voting no were 39 Democrats.

REPUBLICANS VOTING YES

Mike Bell, Riceville

Harry Brooks, Knoxville

Kevin Brooks, Cleveland

Stacey Campfield, Knoxville

Joe Carr, Lascassas

Glen Casada, Franklin

Jim Cobb, SpringCity

Vance Dennis, Savannah

Bill Dunn, Knoxville

Jimmy Eldridge, Jackson

Joshua Evans, Greenbrier

Chad Faulkner, Luttrell

Richard Floyd, Chattanooga

Curtis Halford, Dyer

Michael Harrison, Sneedville

Beth Harwell, Nashville

Ryan Haynes, Knoxville

Joey Hensley, Hohenwald

Matthew Hill, Jonesborough

Curtis Johnson, Clarksville

Phillip Johnson, Pegram

Ron Lollar, Bartlett

Jon Lundberg, Bristol

Susan Lynn, Mt. Juliet

Debra Maggart, Hendersonville

Pat Marsh, Shelbyville

Judd Matheny, Tullahoma

Jimmy Matlock, Lenoir City

Joe McCord, Maryville

Gerald McCormick, Chattanooga

Steve McDaniel, Parkers Crossroads

Richard Montgomery, Sevierville

Jason Mumpower, Bristol

Frank Niceley, Strawberry Plains

Bob Ramsey, Maryville

Barrett Rich, Somerville

Tony Shipley, Kingsport

Eric Swafford, Pikeville

Eric Watson, Cleveland

Terri Lynn Weaver, Lancaster

Mark White, Memphis

INDEPENDENT VOTING YES:
Speaker Kent Williams, Elizabethton

REPUBLICANS NOT VOTING

Dale Ford, Jonesborough

Donna Rowland, Murfreesboro

Curry Todd, Collierville

DEMOCRATS VOTING YES

Judy Barker, Union City

Eddie Bass, Prospect

DEMOCRATS VOTING NO

Joe Armstrong, Knoxville

Willie Borchert, Camden

Tommie Brown, Chattanooga

Karen Camper, Memphis

Ty Cobb, Columbia

Barbara Cooper, Memphis

Charles Curtiss, Sparta

John Deberry, Memphis

Lois DeBerry, Memphis

Joanne Favors, Chattanooga

Dennis Ferguson, Midtown

Henry Fincher, Cookeville

Craig Fitzhugh, Ripley

George Fraley, Winchester

Brenda Gilmore, Nashville

Jim Hackworth, Clinton

G. A. Hardaway, Memphis

Sherry Jones, Nashville

Ulysses Jones Jr., Memphis

Mike Kernell, Memphis

John Litz, Morristown

Mark Maddox, Dresden

Gary Moore, Joelton

Jimmy Naifeh, Covington

Gary Odom, Nashville

Joe Pitts, Clarksville

Mary Pruitt, Nashville

Jeanne Richardson, Memphis

Johnny Shaw, Bolivar

David Shepard, Dickson

Janis Sontany, Nashville

Mike Stewart, Nashville

John Tidwell, New Johnsonville

Harry Tindell, Knoxville

Joe Towns, Memphis

Johnnie Turner, Memphis

Mike Turner, Nashville

Ben West, Nashville

Les Winningham, Huntsville

DEMOCRATS NOT VOTING

Stratton Bone, Lebanon

Kent Coleman, Murfreesboro

Mike McDonald, Portland

Eddie Yokley, Greeneville

DEMOCRATS AND REPUBLICANS ABSENT

Jim Coley, Bartlett

Vince Dean, East Ridge

David Hawk, Greeneville

Bill Harmon, Dunlap

Steve McManus, Cordova

Larry Miller, Memphis

Dennis Roach, Rutledge

Charles Sargent, Franklin

John Mark Windle, Livingston

Humphrey on the Hill @ knoxnews.com

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